• Calorie -  a unit of energy contained in food, and is used by the body as fuel.

    Carbohydrate - The nutrient that is the body's most preferred source of energy (55% of  your diet should be made up of this macronutrient)

    Diet - a regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person
     
    Empty Calories - calories from solid fats and/or added sugars with little or no nutrients
     
    Fat(on body/body fat) - assists body with nerve conduction, vitamin absorption, insulation and organ protection
     
    Fat(in food) -  nutrient used as the most concentrated (long, slow) source of energy for the body  
     
    Food Label - the nutritional information listed on  packaged foods
     
    Food Measurements - the measurement of the food a person eats.  Cups measure dairy, fruits and vegetables.  ounces measure grains and protein foods
     
    Gram - a small metric unit of weight
     
    Healthy Eating - eating your correct daily amount of food
     
    Macronutrient - nutrients that provide the body with energy (carbohydrates, fat and protein)
     
    Minerals - inorganic elements found in foods that the body needs to function properly (Micronutrient)
     
    Moderation - choosing forms of foods that limit the intake of saturated or trans fats, added sugar, cholesterol and salt 
     
    My Plate - a USDA tool in the form of a placemat that separates food into groups and provides guidance for healthy eating
     
    Nutrients -substances in food that the body needs for energy, proper growth and maintenance 
     
    Percent Daily Value - nutritional information based on a 2000 calorie per day diet
     
    Portion Size - the amount of a specific food an individual eats for dinner, snack, or other eating occasion
     
    Proportionality - eating more of some foods (fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fat-free or low fat dairy products) and eating less of others (foods high in saturated or trans fats, added sugars, cholesterol, and salt
     
    Protein - the nutrient that builds and repairs body tissues.  proteins are also used as  an energy source when carbohydrate stores are low
     
    Recommended Daily Amounts (RDA) - the appropriate amount of food eaten from each food group.  It is based on a average 2,000 calorie diet, a person's age, gender, and activity level.
     
    Variety - eating food from all food groups 
     
    Vitamins/Minerals - inorganic essential substances contained in foods, needed for good health (Micronutrient)
     
    Calories per gram of  MACRONUTRIENT
    Carbohydrates = 4
    Protein = 4
    Fat = 9