Calorie - a unit of energy contained in food, and is used by the body as fuel.
Carbohydrate - The nutrient that is the body's most preferred source of energy (55% of your diet should be made up of this macronutrient)Diet - a regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a personEmpty Calories - calories from solid fats and/or added sugars with little or no nutrientsFat(on body/body fat) - assists body with nerve conduction, vitamin absorption, insulation and organ protectionFat(in food) - nutrient used as the most concentrated (long, slow) source of energy for the bodyFood Label - the nutritional information listed on packaged foodsFood Measurements - the measurement of the food a person eats. Cups measure dairy, fruits and vegetables. ounces measure grains and protein foodsGram - a small metric unit of weightHealthy Eating - eating your correct daily amount of foodMacronutrient - nutrients that provide the body with energy (carbohydrates, fat and protein)Minerals - inorganic elements found in foods that the body needs to function properly (Micronutrient)Moderation - choosing forms of foods that limit the intake of saturated or trans fats, added sugar, cholesterol and saltMy Plate - a USDA tool in the form of a placemat that separates food into groups and provides guidance for healthy eatingNutrients -substances in food that the body needs for energy, proper growth and maintenancePercent Daily Value - nutritional information based on a 2000 calorie per day dietPortion Size - the amount of a specific food an individual eats for dinner, snack, or other eating occasionProportionality - eating more of some foods (fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fat-free or low fat dairy products) and eating less of others (foods high in saturated or trans fats, added sugars, cholesterol, and saltProtein - the nutrient that builds and repairs body tissues. proteins are also used as an energy source when carbohydrate stores are lowRecommended Daily Amounts (RDA) - the appropriate amount of food eaten from each food group. It is based on a average 2,000 calorie diet, a person's age, gender, and activity level.Variety - eating food from all food groupsVitamins/Minerals - inorganic essential substances contained in foods, needed for good health (Micronutrient)Calories per gram of MACRONUTRIENTCarbohydrates = 4Protein = 4Fat = 9