• Welcome to the 2019-2020 School Year! 

     

     I hope you enjoyed your summer and I look forward to meeting all of you! 

    Down below I have recorded all of the core concepts that we will cover this year.  We will begin with a thorough review of the scientifc method, lab procedures, and proper use of lab equipment.  

     

     
    Semester 1 Concepts - Students will know:
    • Types of forces and their relationship to motion.
    • How forces affect motion within simple machines.
    • Different forms of energy.
    • How forces affect motion within simple machines.
    • The scientific definition of speed and acceleration.
    • Forces can change the speed of an object.  
    • Forces can accelerate an object. 
    • The relationship between electricity and magnetism.
    • Alternative methods for generating electricity.
    Competencies -Students will be able to:
    • Explain that a force is a push or a pull on an object.
    • Recognize that an unbalanced force is necessary to make a resting object move, bring a moving object to rest, or change the direction of ia moving object. 
    • Recognize that friction is a force that opposes motion.
    • Compare load and effort.
    • Explore the effect of forces on simple machines. 
    • Explain how all energy can be considered to be kinetic or potential.
      • Recognize that energy is a property of many substances and is associated with multiple forms (e.g. electrical, mechanical, heat, light, sound, nuclear).
      • Recognize that energy can be stored and released to make an object move.
      • Demonstrate how machines can reduce effort force and increase effort distance when doing work.
      • Calculate the mechanical advantage and efficiency of simple machines.
      • Determine how to calculate speed and describe the motion of a car.
      • Identify and describe the forces acting on a car.
      • Observe and describe the motion of the roller coaster.
      • Construct an electromagnet.
      • Describe applications for electromagnets.
      • Construct a series circuit.
      • Construct an electrical cell.
      • Construct a parallel circuit.
      • Identify advantages and disadvantages of converting alternative forms (solar, hydro-electric, wind, nuclear, hydrogen) to generate electricity.

     

    Our 2nd semester will include core concepts in micro and macro biology. These include proteins and genes, cellular respiration, etc.

    • living things undergo fundamental life processes.                                         
    • an organism is any complete living thing.
    • how abiotic factors affect organisms.
    • that organisms can be categorized by the role they serve in an ecosystem.
    • how matter and energy cycle through the ecosystem.
    • the importance of biodiveristy for the survival of the species and well-being of the ecosystem.
    • that all organisms are composed of cells and that cells are the fundamental unit of life.
    • how reproduction is essential to the continuation of life forms.
    • that we can classify organisms based on their structure.
    • that traits of an organism are carried on one or more genes located in the chromosomes.
    • how genes affect the traits that are passed on from parent to offspring.
    • how genetic information can be expressed.
    Competencies -Students will be able to:
    • explain current scientific knowledge, models and understanding that guide scientific investigations.
    • use appropriate tools and techniques to gather, analyze and interpret data.
    • define organism.                                                                
    • distinguish between living and non-living things.
    • identify abiotic factors in an environment.
    • observe ecosystems over time.
    • investigate how varying abiotic factors affect organisms.
    • examine the role of producer, consumer and decomposer.
    • construct food webs for various ecosystems.
    • analyze interactions of organisms within an ecosystem (e.g. predator/prey, etc.)
    • demonstrate how energy from the sun flows through food webs.
    • identify cycles in an ecosystem (food, water, etc.)
    • classify organisms by their characteristics.
    • explore challenges for survival of species and ecosystems (pollution, invasive species, disease, etc.).
    • examine how different adaptations have allowed organisms to survive in their environment.
    • observe, draw, and describe unicellular organisms.
    • compare and contrast plant and animal cells.
    • Describe the levels of organization from cell to organism.
    • describe the life cycle of cells.
    • model the stages of cell division.
    • compare and contrast reproductive and life cycles of different organisms.
    • use a dichotomous key to identify organisms.
    • categorize organisms by kingdom based on their characteristics.
    • explain that chromosomes are located in the nucleus.
    • show that a pair of chromosomes is needed for a trait to be expressed (allele).
    • distinguish how different living things reproduce (asexual, sexual).
    • apply Mendelian concepts of genetics (dominant/recessive, independent and segregation).
    • review Mendel's contribution to genetics.
    • demonstrate how genes combine to determine characteristics.
    • research how genes can be manipulated to produce desired outcomes (i.e. mass, selection, genetic engineering, human genome project).
    • describe mutation's  effects on a trait's expression.