Elementary Science Kindergarten Unit 2
Subject: ScienceGrade: Kindergarten
Timeline: 12 Weeks
Unit Title: Material Properties
Unit Overview:In this unit, students engage in scientific inquiry. The students are introduced to a wide variety of fabrics in a systematic way, so that they become familiar with fabrics' properties, discover what happens when they are tested, and discover how they interact with other materials, including water.
Cause and Effect:
- Patterns in the natural and human designed world can be observed and used as evidence.
Energy and Matter:
- Simple tests can be designed to gather evidence to support or refute student ideas about causes.
- Objects may break into smaller pieces and be put together into larger pieces, or change shapes.
Focus Standards:PSSA Eligible Content:S4.A.1.3.3: Observe and describe the change to objects caused by heat, cold or light.S4.A.2.1.1: Generate questions about objects, organisms, or events that can be answered through scientific investigation.
S4.A.2.2.1: Identify appropriate tools or instruments for specific tasks and describe the information they can provide (e.g. measuring:length-ruler, mass-balance scale, volume-beaker, temperature-thermometer, making observations: hand lens, binoculars, telescope).
S4.A.3.1.4: Identify the parts of the food and fiber systems as they relate to agriculture products from the source to the consumer.
S4.C.1.1.1: Use physical properties (e.g. mass, shape, size, volume, color, texture,magnetic property, state (i.e. solid, liquid, gas), conductivity (i.e. electrical or heat) to describe matter.
S4.C.1.1.2: Categorize/group objects using physical characteristics.NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas:PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
Concepts - Students will know:
Competencies -Students will be able to:
- that physical properties can be used to identify and describe objects.
- that physical properties can be used to sort and classify objects by developing descriptive vocabulary associated with the properties of materials.
- identify materials that make up an object (i.e. wood, cotton, plastic, etc.).
- observe interactions of objects and materials with water and other substances.
- communicate observations by developing descriptive vocabulary associated with the properties of materials.
- sort objects by the observable properties of the materials from which they are made.
- compare and sort a wide variety of materials and objects by their similarities and differences (e.g. color, size, texture, shape).
- serial order objects by properties (e.g. largest to smallest, tallest to shortest, heaviest to lightest).
- communicate classifications of groups of objects by descriptive vocabulary associated with properties of the group.
- Science Notebooks
- Teacher observation
- Student drawings
- Performance tasks
Elements of Instruction:Planning and Carrying Out Investigations:Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K-2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.
- Plan and conduct an investigation collaboratively to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence to answer a question.
Analyze and Interpret Data:
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions:
- Analyzing data in K-2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to collecting, recording, and sharing observations.
- Analyze data from tests of an object or tool to determine if it words as intended.
- Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K-2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomena and designing solutions.
- Make observations (firsthand or from media) to construct an evidence-based account for natural phenomena.
Differentiation:Each lesson has differentiation options for each portion of the lesson.
- Use word walls and flip charts
- Structured notebooks
- Peer teaching
- Self-check activities (weaving with a pattern, matching fabrics)
- Home/School Connection - Families play "I'm thinking of a fabric and it is..." Students make lists and drawings of four things at home that are made of fabric.
- Make a tooth fairy pillow to reinforce stitches learned.
- Home/School Connection - Use a paper cup as a loom. Parents cut slits in the sides of a paper cup and students weave yarn or string through the slits to make a decorative pencil holder.
Interdisciplinary Connections:Art:Tie-dye t-shirtsMix Colors
Additional Resources / Games:FOSS NewsletterScience Literacy Resource KitInteractive games at: www.fossweb.com