• Elementary Science Kindergarten Unit 2

    Subject:  Science
    Grade:  Kindergarten
    Timeline: 12 Weeks
    Unit Title:  Material Properties

    Unit Overview:
    In this unit, students engage in scientific inquiry.  The students are introduced to a wide variety of fabrics in a systematic way, so that they become familiar with fabrics' properties, discover what happens when they are tested, and discover how they interact with other materials, including water. 

    Unit Objectives:
    • Patterns in the natural and human designed world can be observed and used as evidence.
    Cause and Effect:
    • Simple tests can be designed to gather evidence to support or refute student ideas about causes.
    Energy and Matter:
    • Objects may break into smaller pieces and be put together into larger pieces, or change shapes. 

    Focus Standards:
    PSSA Eligible Content:
    S4.A.1.3.3: Observe and describe the change to objects caused by heat, cold or light.
    S4.A.2.1.1: Generate questions about objects, organisms, or events that can be answered through scientific investigation.
    S4.A.2.2.1:  Identify appropriate tools or instruments for specific tasks and describe the information they can provide (e.g. measuring:length-ruler, mass-balance scale, volume-beaker, temperature-thermometer, making observations: hand lens, binoculars, telescope).
    S4.A.3.1.4: Identify the parts of the food and fiber systems as they relate to agriculture products from the source to the consumer.
    S4.C.1.1.1: Use physical properties (e.g. mass, shape, size, volume, color, texture,magnetic property, state (i.e. solid, liquid, gas), conductivity (i.e. electrical or heat) to describe matter.
    S4.C.1.1.2:  Categorize/group objects using physical characteristics. 
    NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas:
    PS1.A: Structure and Properties of Matter
    Different kinds of matter exist and many of them can be either solid or liquid, depending on temperature.  Matter can be described and classified by its observable properties.  Different properties are suited to different purposes.  A great variety of objects can be built up from a small set of pieces.

    Concepts - Students will know:
    • that physical properties can be used to identify and describe objects.
    • that physical properties can be used to sort and classify objects by developing descriptive vocabulary associated with the properties of materials.
    Competencies -Students will be able to:
    • identify materials that make up an object (i.e. wood, cotton, plastic, etc.).
    • observe interactions of objects and materials with water and other substances.
    • communicate observations by developing descriptive vocabulary associated with the properties of materials.
    • sort objects by the observable properties of the materials from which they are made.
    • compare and sort a wide variety of materials and objects by their similarities and differences (e.g. color, size, texture, shape).
    • serial order objects by properties (e.g. largest to smallest, tallest to shortest, heaviest to lightest).
    • communicate classifications of groups of objects by descriptive vocabulary associated with properties of the group.

    Formative Assessments
    • Pre-assessment
    • Science Notebooks
    • Teacher observation
    • Student drawings
    Summative Assessments
    • Performance tasks
    • Post-assessment

    Elements of Instruction:
    Planning and Carrying Out Investigations:
    Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K-2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.
    • Plan and conduct an investigation collaboratively to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence to answer a question.

    Analyze and Interpret Data: 

    • Analyzing data in K-2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to collecting, recording, and sharing observations.
    • Analyze data from tests of an object or tool to determine if it words as intended.


  • Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions:
    • Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K-2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomena and designing solutions.

    • Make observations (firsthand or from media) to construct an evidence-based account for natural phenomena.


        Each lesson has differentiation options for each portion of the lesson.
        • Use word walls and flip charts
        • Structured notebooks
        • Peer teaching
        • Self-check activities (weaving with a pattern, matching fabrics)


        • Home/School Connection - Families play "I'm thinking of a fabric and it is..." Students make lists and drawings of four things at home that are made of fabric.
        • Make a tooth fairy pillow to reinforce stitches learned.
        • Home/School Connection - Use a paper cup as a loom. Parents cut slits in the sides of a paper cup and students weave yarn or string through the slits to make a decorative pencil holder. 

        Interdisciplinary Connections:
        Click here for Math/ELA Integration
        Tie-dye t-shirts
        Mix Colors


        Additional Resources / Games:
        FOSS Newsletter
        Science Literacy Resource Kit
        Interactive games at:    www.fossweb.com