• Hello research students, and welcome to your last assignment of the year. This assignment is due by 3:00 p.m. on Friday, June 5. You do not need to submit to anything — as long as you complete it in Google Classroom, I will see your work.

    You will be assembling your six notes — three direction quotations, and three paraphrases — into three paragraphs. Of course, this will be nothing like the paper we were going to write: your full paper would have had 24 notes and been 6–8 pages. But we're going to the best we can!

    Here are the requirements for your final paper:

    • There are three paragraphs. Each paragraph contains two notes.
    • Each paragraph begins with a topic sentence that states the main idea of that paragraph. How do you know the main idea? You already have it written in your notes spreadsheet in the third column. You will just have to incorporate that topic into a complete sentence.
    • There are transitions between each note.
    • Direct quotations are in quotation marks and cited with a parenthetical citation.
    • Paraphrases are not in quotation marks and are cited with a parenthetical citation.
    • There is a properly formatted works cited page that begins on the first full page after your essay. Your works cited page should contain only the sources you used for your six notes. So it probably won't be very long, since you probably used only a handful of your sources.

    You will find the assignment and an example to the right.

    If you have questions, get in touch via Remind or email. I will run a couple of Zoom sessions for anyone who needs help with this or any of the older assignments.


Week 04: May 11–15

  • Good morning, research students, and welcome to week 04 of online learning.

    This week's assignment: paraphrase three of your notes. Do not paraphrase your notes where you're quoting an expert (because you want that expert's exact words). See the notes example on the left to see where you should put your three paraphrases.

    This is due on Friday, May 15, by midnight. You do not have to submit to — I will check your document right through Google Classroom.

    Join the BischResearch Discord. Whenever I am at my computer I will be logged in to the Discord server in case you have questions. You can also ask questions via email or Remind. 

    Anyway, here we go!

    This week we are going to work on what is probably the most difficult skill in research — indeed, students are every level, from high school through graduate school, struggle with it — and that skill is paraphrasing. When you get to college, your professors will expect you to paraphrase the vast majority of your notes. That is, you will not be able to use many direct quotations. Your professors want to see that you can take complex ideas, process them in your brain, then restate those ideas your own way.

    Alas, students often have a faulty conception of what paraphrasing is: they think that paraphrasing simply means changing a few words to synonyms. (If we were in class, I would do this whole routine about pretending to write a paper about the mighty badger, and I would copy and paste the whole thing from Wikipedia, but then I'd "remember" that I had to paraphrase it and would go back and change like five words to synonyms.) But paraphrasing really means...

    • Change and phrases to synonyms. This does't mean that you have to swap out one word for another word. Sometimes you might replace a single word with a longer phrase, and sometimes you might be able to replace an entire phrase with a single word. Avoid using a thesaurus.
    • Change sentence stucture. Not only should the words be different, but the actual sentence should be different. Try to break longer sentences apart. Combine shorter ones. You want your paraphrases to completely restructure the original.
    • Change the order of ideas. Force yourself to write your paraphrase in a slightly different order than the original.
    • Don't worry about shared language. Shared language are those words and phrases that you simply cannot change because they are the established way that we refer to something. Proper nouns are the most obvious example of this, as are scientific and medical terms. But think of things like social media or high school students — these terms are shared language. There is no other way to say something like social media.
    • Put short phrases that you simply cannot change in quotation marks. If there's a short phrases that you cannot change but you don't think it's shared language, just put that phrase in quotation marks to indiciate to your reader that you're using the author's original words.
    • Don't try to paraphrase statistics unless you can do it naturally. You really can't paraphrase numbers, so when you paraphrase, you'll generally keep the numbers the same as they appear in the original. But if the statistic is something like 48%, you can paraphrase that to "amost half."
    • Cite all of your paraphrases! Just because you changed the wording doesn't make it your idea. You still have to give the original author credit.

    Again, this is a difficult skill. Do your best, and ask lots of questions if you're struggling.



Week 03: May 4–8

  • Good morning, research students, and welcome to week three of online learning.

    Well, our original plan back in early March was to take 24 notes. We would have had at least eight work days in class to complete them. But things have changed a little! This week you will be taking your last two notes, for a total of six. Your assignment this week is to take two notes in your first subtopic section. I have posted an example on the right.

    You do not need to submit this in — I will check it right in Google Classroom. It is due by midnight on Friday, May 8.

    Every note must be 2–4 sentences. Every note should be in quotation marks. Every note should be followed by a parenthetical citation.

    As always, if you have any questions, just get in touch!

    Mr. Bischof


  • Read Directions. Notes should be 2–4 sentences long. Notes should be in quotation marks (because you are taking them word-for-word from a source). Notes should be cited with a parenthetical citation.

    Assignments should be submitted to

Week 02: Apr 27–May 1

  • Today, you are going to begin working on the next two notes in your spreadsheet. The notes you take will depend on what you decided to focus on in your B section. Keep taing your notes in the same spreadsheet that you started last week. You will turn in that same spreadsheet at the end of the week. There's a link to my example on the right.

    This assignment is due by midnight this Friday, May 1. I need to collect assignments on Friday so I can update the gradebook over the weekend.

    Remember that my A section shared some statistics to show how big America’s school lunch program is. So I have decided that my B section needs to show my reader the problem of how unappetizing school lunches can be.

    In your B notes, I would like you to quote one expert. In your sources, look for an expert on your topic saying something about your B topic! You’ll see in my example that I also added some context in brackets so my reader would know what I’m talking about. That is not required, but if your reader might not understand your note out of context, you might want to add a little additional information.

    So one of your B notes will be a quote from an expert. The other note shoud not be a quotation from an expert. It can be anything else that develops the idea you're discussing: an example, a fact, a statistic, etc.

    A few reminders:

    • Copy your notes word for word from the source. Be sure to put them in quotation marks.
    • Include a parenthetical citation.
    • Keep your notes 2–4 sentences long.

    If you have any questions, get in touch via email or Remind!

Week 01: April 20–24

  • Well hello there, freshmen, and welcome to the online version of Research! I hope that everyone is safe and healthy. 

    First of all, if you haven't already, enroll in my Remind: that will give us an easy way to keep in touch with each other. Just text @c4ebec to 81010.

    Here's how things will work: every Monday I will post an assignment. That assignment will be due by 8:00 a.m. the following Monday. As always, you should submit assignments to

    We are obviously not going to be able to write the full research paper as planned. We'll have to abbreviate things a little. Here's the schedule we'll follow:

    • Week 01, April 20–24: take two notes for section A, your introduction
    • Week 02, April 27–May 1: take two notes for section B, the second paragraph in your introduction
    • Week 03, May 4–8: take two notes for section C, your first subtopic
    • Week 04, May 11–15: paraphrase any three of your notes
    • Week 05, May 18–22: combine your six notes into three paragraphs
    • Week 06, May 25–29: add works cited page and finalize paper
    • Week 07, June 1–5: edit, proofread, and submit final paper

    You can always go above and beyond these assignments. If you would still like to take all of the notes and write the complete paper, I will work with you to do so.

    Look in the section on the right for everything you need to begin the Week 01 assignment.

Enrollment Keys

  • Turnitin. Be sure to use the code for the class you're in! The enrollment key for all classes is bischof.

    A1 - 23715497

    A2 - 23715522

    B1 - 23746647

    B2 -23746662


    Google Classroom

    A1 - ohoxym7

    A2 - ipfipce

    B1 - eiosrj3

    B2 - 7jad42s