Earth Science Course Description
The dynamics of Earth Science include the studies of forces of nature that build up and wear down the Earth's surface including energy flow across the surface and its role in weather and climate (Pennsylvania Department of Education).
Students in Earth Science continue to develop knowledge in three core disciplinary ideas in the Earth and Space Sciences including: Earth's Place in the Universe, Earth's Systems, and the Earth and Human Activity (NGSS). Semester 1 focuses on Earth's Systems. Semester 2 focuses on Earth's Place in the Universe and the Earth and Human Activity.
In Earth's Systems the students attempt to answer the question "How and why is Earth constantly changing?" The sub-ideas include: Earth materials and systems, plate tectonics and large scale system interactions, the roles of water in Earth's surface processes, weather and climate, and biogeology (NGSS). In Earth's Place in the Universe students attempt to answer the question, "What is the universe, and what is Earth's place in it?" The sub-ideas they investigate include: the universe and its stars, Earth and the solar system, and the history of the planet Earth (NGSS). In Earth and Human Activities the students formulate an answer to the question, "How do Earth's surface processes and human activities affect each other?" The sub-ideas include: natural resources, natural hazards, human impact on on Earth Systems, and global climate change (NGSS).
Earth Science Semesters of Study
Semester 1 -Earth's Structure and Development
Semester 2- Earth's Systems and Processes