• LSS/AS High School Science

    Subject: Science
    Grade: High School
    Timeline: One Semester
    Unit Title: Plants

    Unit Overview: 
    In this unit on plants the students discover the unique properties of plants.  They learn that plants are living things and determine how to identify an item as living or non-living. Students explore the varies uses for plants in our lives.

    Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
    The significance of a phenomenon is dependent on the scale, proportion, and quantity at which it occurs. 
    Algebraic thinking is used to examine scientific data and predict the effect of a change in one variable on another (e.g., linear growth vs. exponential growth).

    Energy and Matter                                                                                                                                                     Energy cannot be created or destroyed-only moved between one place and another place, between objects and/or fields, or between systems.
    Energy drives the cycling of matter within and between systems. 

    Stability and Change                                                                                                                                                 Much of science deals with constructing explanations of how things change and how they remain stable.
    Change and rates of change can be quantified and modeled over very short or very long periods of time.                              
    Feedback (negative or positive) can stabilize or destabilize a system.

    Cause and Effect                                                                                                                                                Empirical evidence is required to differentiate between cause and correlation and make claims about specific causes and effects.
    Systems and Models
    When investigating or describing a system, the boundaries and initial conditions of the system need to be defined and their inputs and outputs analyzed and described using models.

    Structure and Function         
    The function and properties of natural and designed objects and systems can be inferred from their overall structure, the way their components are shaped and used, and the molecular substructures of its various materials.                                                                                                                

    Concepts - Students will know:
    • the difference between living and nonliving things.
    • the basic needs of living things
    • the basic needs of plants
    • different types of plants
    • the life cycle of plants
    • the 5 main parts of plants
    • some plants are edible
    • the difference between fruits and vegetables
    • trees are a type of plant
    • some trees and plants have other uses
    • trees affect our environment
    Competencies -Students will be able to:
    • classify things as living or nonliving.
    • demonstrate an awareness of the basic needs things need to survive.
    • identify plants need water, soil, sunlight and air to survive.
    • sort trees, shrubs, bushes, flowering plants, grass, etc.
    • observe the life cycle of plants.
    • discuss the function and purpose of seeds.
    • discuss the function and purpose of roots.
    • discuss the function and purpose of stems.
    • discuss the function and purpose of leaves.
    • discuss the function and purpose of flowers.
    • identify plants that are edible.
    • list examples of edible parts of plants.
    • classify foods into fruits and vegetables based on their seeds.
    • discuss the function and purpose of the parts of a tree.
    • identify uses for tree and plant parts (food, paper, lumber, etc.).
    • identify how trees affect our lives.


    • Pre-Assessment
    • Notebook Entries
    • Whole Group and Small Group Discussion
    • Teacher Observation
    • Record Sheets
    • Scientific Drawings
    • Building Models
    • Graphing
    • Interpreting Data
    • Student Self Assessment
    • Formative Assessment Probes
    • Performance Assessments
    • Notebook Entries
    • Post-Assessment

    Elements of Instruction:
    Developing and Using Models
    • Develop a model to describe phenomena.

    Analyzing and Interpreting Data 

    • Analyze and interpret data to make sense of phenomena using logical reasoning.

    • word walls and flip charts
    • structured notebooks
    • differentiated grouping
    • learning center
    • whole group discussions


    Interdisciplinary Connections:
    Language Arts:
    • Science/Literacy kit (informational text)
    • "The Life Cycle of Plants" (informational text)
    • research/report bee anatomy, physiology and behavior
    • research/report other crucifer plants
    • write a script (drama) depicting bees and pollination
    • research "African Honeybees:  Killer Bees" 
    • measure, record, and graph growth of plant seeds
    • identify parts of a graph and interpret data
    • interpret data from selected graphs
    • art project using seeds
    • collect leaves and do spatter paintings or leaf rubbings

    Additional Resources / Games: